Entangled with Water

Seeking to explore the socio-technical view on infrastructure, we look at the design process of water sensitive cities infrastructure in six informal settlements in Makassar, Indonesia.

Part 1
A photo-diary of Makassar is a glimpse into a formal and informal city that lies on a swampy estuary. From here, step into kampungs, places rich with life that rapidly change. Then, it is time to hear a story of 7 toilets, as an introduction of a design problem: water entanglements

Part 2
The design process that is focused on complex things and relations is not only about the tools for designing. Designers, panritas, are getting lost and found inside the maze of perspectives. We should explore things that are not usually told: the making and humming.

Part 3
If the water sensitive infrastructure is to be integrated in many futures, it needs to start communicating. Here is a wetland that tells about her journey. 

Creative Commons LicenseThis work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.


Kampung, a traditional urban structure in Indonesia, is housing the majority of its inhabitants. Historically, kampungs were autonomous settlements (villages), but due to urbanisation, they are now part of many cities. They are overcrowded, housing low-income populations, unplanned, informal and underserviced. Kampungs are a specific type of informal settlements, characteristic for South-east Asian urbanism. 

To engage with water infrastructure challenges in kampungs, it is not enough to measure water level changes across seasons, to map topography, to survey house floor levels, to investigate soil samples. Water relates to kinship relationships, ways of playing, routes for walking, rituals, jobs, development speculations.

The two videos below are segments of kampung explorations with different residents.